Are you wondering what 3 axis CNC machine systems are and how to use them? Do you want to know why the 3 axis option still stands strong even among higher multi-axis alternatives? Based on regional analysis, the competitive landscape for this machining system is intense, but because of the ease of use and sophisticated tool alternatives, it won’t be going anywhere anytime soon.

So what makes 3 axis machining so important? Why should you keep it in mind the next time you need to produce a high-end part for your business? Read on to learn about this powerful machining option and make the most of your local Wisconsin machine shops!

What is 3 Axis Machining?

So, what is 3 axis machining, and why might you need it? As the most used technique to create all kinds of parts, it’s crucial to understand how it works and how you could use it in your business.

The cutting tools move along three separated axes to mill the part you’re working on:

  1. Back-to-front
  2. Side-to-side
  3. Up-and-down

The cutting tools are held horizontally or vertically and spin while the piece you’re working on stays in place. You could use it to mill slots, flatten surfaces, drill, and tap holes, and cut sharp edges. Some of the benefits of 3 axis machining are:

  • The three axes move together, which allows you more freedom to create complex components efficiently.
  • This machine is the most versatile allowing you to produce fixtures, clamps, stocks, clamps, and more.
  • If desired, these machines can have an automatic tool changer equipped, which will allow you to complete multiple objectives on one device.
  • With additional coding, you can upgrade to a 3 axis CNC milling machine. The data only needs to be entered once for multiple uses. The 3 axis CNC machine definition gives the machine the ability to move three different axes at the same time simultaneously.
  • Depending on your machining center, you can upgrade to more axes if needed, at an additional cost.

If you’re not sure how many axes or how complex your piece is, we can help you determine the right machine and offer you a quote, today!

How Does 3 Axis Machining Work?

If you want to produce top-of-the-line parts, you need to utilize top-of-the-line machinery. If you want to gain and maintain your competitive edge, you should choose the tools you use carefully.

A milling machine works by shaving and cutting away the parts of your raw material that you don’t need. Multi-access milling and machining align the tool with your material and then works it down to your desired size and shape. The typical configuration moves the device while keeping your part stationary.

The tool moves along three axes: X, Y, and Z, or width, length, and depth. These axial movements through three dimensions involve two linear channels and a cutting head with a spindle. The spindle represents one axis as it works together with the width and length axes.

For the tool head, depending on if you’re cutting aluminum, steel, wood, etc., you can choose one that works accordingly. If you’re not sure what tool head to use, check this facility list to find a machining center near you where experts would be happy to help you solve that problem.

What is the Difference Between 3 Axis and 5 Axis Machining?

When it comes to choosing which machining needs suit you best, it can help to identify the main differences between the 3 and 5 axis options. But what other aspects of these options make them unique and which one serves your needs best?

Traditional 3 Axis Machining

While known for being the more rudimentary option, 3 axis machining has come a long way to become more modernized to keep up with the digitally controlled 5 axis alternative. The three axis option is most widely used to make mechanical parts in manufacturing, industrial work, and architecture.

The process uses the three main axes (X, Y, and Z) to shave down the material into the desired shape. This process isn’t ideal for deep or narrow parts because it’s limited on effectively reaching deep or narrow cavities on your material and may become more labor-intensive. As the industry demands new updates to keep up with the needs of users, 3+1 and 3+2 options bridge the gap to the five axis alternative.

Advanced 5 Axis Machining

Unlike the X, Y, Z, limitations of the 3 axis machine, the 5 axis moves in the three linear axes previously mentioned and the A and B axes, which means that your part can be manipulated from all directions in one operation of the machine.

This option is ideal for deeper parts, parts made with harder materials, and more precise because of it’s shorter tools. Additionally, if you’re short on time, the five axis option is faster than the three axis alternative.

Alternatively, the three axis machine handling is less complicated and requires less time to prep than the five axis. But, the digital controls make the five axis more user friendly.

Where to Start

Are you ready to locate your local, Wisconsin 3 axis machining facility and get to work? Start by identifying what you need, what cutting tool would work best, and what your intended result is for your project.

Whatever your machining needs may be, there is certainly an axis tool for the job! Additionally, if you need green energy, other heavy component machining jobs, food production, and more, let us know! When it comes to Wisconsin’s tool and machining jobs, we’ve got you covered!

If you’re not sure how to achieve your end goal, don’t be afraid to ask for guidance! Our philosophy is based on our desire to satisfy your needs, provide innovative performance tools, precision-based results, and technology on demand. For more information, fill out our form to contact us, and we will be in touch!